Why Canada and Australia Still Have the British Royal Family as Their Head of State


Canada and Australia, two countries on opposite sides of the globe, share a common link – the British royal family. Despite gaining independence many years ago, both nations have chosen to maintain the British monarchy as their head of state. This decision has often been a topic of debate and curiosity. In this article, we will explore the reasons why Canada and Australia continue to have the British royal family as their head of state.

Historical Ties

One of the primary reasons for this ongoing relationship is the historical ties between these nations and the British monarchy. Canada and Australia were both colonies of the British Empire, and the monarchy played a significant role in their formation and development. The British monarchs have been an integral part of their history, culture, and identity.

Symbolic Role

Having the British royal family as their head of state serves a symbolic purpose for Canada and Australia. The monarchy represents continuity and stability, providing a sense of tradition and heritage. The presence of a constitutional monarch also helps to unify the nation and act as a symbol of national identity.

Constitutional Monarchy

Canada and Australia are both constitutional monarchies, which means that the monarch’s role is largely ceremonial and symbolic. The power lies with the elected governments and the prime ministers. The British monarch acts as a figurehead, representing the unity and sovereignty of the nation.

Commonwealth Connection

Both Canada and Australia are members of the Commonwealth, a political association of 54 countries, most of which were former territories of the British Empire. The British monarch serves as the symbolic head of the Commonwealth, and having a shared head of state strengthens the bond between these nations.

Popularity and Public Support

The British royal family enjoys widespread popularity and public support in Canada and Australia. The royal visits, ceremonies, and events attract significant media attention and public interest. The monarchy adds a touch of glamour and excitement to the countries, boosting tourism and cultural exchange.

Cost and Practicality

Maintaining the British royal family as the head of state is often seen as a cost-effective and practical choice. The existing infrastructure and institutions are already in place, and the transition to a republic would require significant constitutional and administrative changes. The current system is well-established and understood by the citizens.


Canada and Australia’s decision to retain the British royal family as their head of state is rooted in history, symbolism, and practicality. The monarchy serves as a unifying force, representing tradition and continuity. While the debate about the future of the monarchy continues, for now, the ties between these nations and the British royal family remain strong.

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